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What Causes Anxiety Panic Attacks

What Are The Main Causes Of Panic Attacks

What causes panic attacks, and how can you prevent them? – Cindy J. Aaronson

Triggers for panic attacks can include overbreathing, long periods of stress, activities that lead to intense physical reactions and physical changes occurring after illness or a sudden change of environment.

What causes panic attacks for no reason?

It is not yet known what causes panic attacks but certain factors may play an important role, including genetics, mental health conditions, major stress or having a predisposition to stress. Panic attacks are typically experienced as a result of misinterpreting physical symptoms of anxiety.

What are 5 panic attacks Symptoms?

  • Palpitations, pounding heart, or accelerated heart rate.
  • Sweating.
  • Shortness of breath or feeling of smothering.
  • Feelings of choking.
  • Feeling dizzy, unsteady, lightheaded, or faint.

How do you cure panic attacks?

  • Use deep breathing.
  • Recognize that youre having a panic attack.
  • Close your eyes.
  • Engage in light exercise.
  • Symptoms Of Anxiety Disorders:

    Anyone may experience these symptoms during stressful times. However, individuals with anxiety disorders may experience them in absence of stress, with more severe symptoms and/or with several symptoms appearing together.

    • Inability to relax
    • Rapid pulse or pounding, skipping, racing heart
    • Nausea, chest pain or pressure
    • Feeling a “lump in the throat”
    • Dry mouth
    • Feelings of dread, apprehension or losing control
    • Trembling or shaking, sweating or chills
    • Fainting or dizziness, feelings of detachment
    • Thoughts of death

    Getting Help For A Panic Disorder

    You should be aware that in certain situations panic attacks may be unavoidable. A healthy combination of daily exercise and a balanced diet helps lessen the likelihood of a panic attack. Avoiding caffeinated beverages and taking herbal remedies may also help reduce stress and decrease the symptoms. It is important to find help on treating panic disorder for you or your loved one.

    Recovering from panic disorder is difficult, if not impossible, without outside help. You can call us at to discuss panic disorder treatment options. In the meantime, you can start by creating an action plan to alleviate your anxiety, fear and panic attacks.

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    Can Anxiety Cause Seizures

    As mentioned, anxiety is the human bodys natural reaction to threats or danger. On the other hand, seizures are brief periods characterized by uncontrolled electrical brain activity that provokes various changes in the human body. Seizures are caused by a wide range of triggers, including stress and anxiety. Stress and anxiety can trigger a condition called psychogenic non-epileptic seizures or pseudoseizures in people without epilepsy.

    Improve Sleep And Lower Anxiety

    Treatment Of Panic Attacks

    Caffeine in regular coffee can create havoc on your sleep, causing symptoms of insomnia. Switching to decaf can help reduce insomnia and improve your overall energy in the morning.

    Can decaf coffee cause anxiety? No. Rather helps lower anxiety, especially with people suffering from anxiety disorders as decaf coffee contains very little caffeine.

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    Managing Your Job Schedule Tasks And Engagement

    One of the main probable cause of anxiety in people is activities that are carried out at work or even losing the job. This is because a job is where we spend at least a third of an adults daily life.

    As one of the patients stated, one of the most traumatizing situations in life is losing your job when you have so many needs, wants, and dependents. It ranks at the same level as losing a loved one or divorce.

    Managing your job will go a long way in the prevention of anxiety attacks. This can be managed by proper time management, making sure each task is completed carefully, and not committing to a task or tasks that you cannot handle.

    It is also important to save when you are working or at least have a contingency plan for when you will lose your job. Losing a job can cause stress, anxiety, and depression.

    Panic Attack Treatment And Prevention

    Cognitive behavioral therapy and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are the first-line, evidence-based treatments for anxiety. These treatments can be used separately or in combination.

    Cognitive behavioral therapy focuses on identifying and addressing anxiety-related thoughts and behaviors. It often involves meeting with a therapist weekly and practicing hands-on strategies each day to manage anxious thoughts and behaviors.

    SSRIs are taken daily and can help adjust levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain, which can affect mood and anxiety. There are many types of SSRIs. A medication provider will determine which one is best for you and will meet with you regularly to monitor benefits and side effects.

    Duval doesnt recommend avoidance strategies or using substances such as drugs or alcohol to cope with or abstain from anxious feelings or panic attacks. Incorrect use of substances, including prescriptions, can interfere with relationships and work.

    It is a way to mask or avoid the anxiety were not giving ourselves ways to manage it that are going to decrease it long term, Duval says.

    Instead, she suggests finding strategies to manage the attacks or reduce the anxiety around having a panic attack.

    The challenge is that oftentimes the more we try to prevent something, the more it will happen, Duval says. A big part of managing anxiety and panic is finding ways to face it.

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    Differences In How They Start

    Anxiety can be a response to a specific worry or fear. It tends to develop gradually, and a person is usually worried or concerned at the outset. It can be mild, moderate or severe. There may be a sense that if only this problem can be solved, everything will be all right.

    A panic attack can happen without warning, and there is no way to prevent it. It can happen whether a person feels calm or anxious, and even during sleep. There is often no obvious cause, and the level of fear is out of proportion to the trigger. In fact, according to the APA, the reaction is unrelated to the situation.

    Cause Of Anxiety Attacks

    What Causes A Panic Attack And Dealing with Anxiety attacks

    Anxiety attacks are usually although not always caused by severe stress. The symptoms depend on the type of attack. The term anxiety attack is sometimes used interchangeably with the term panic attack, but may also refer to any periods of extreme anxiety beyond what a person normally experiences.

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    Medications Can Trigger An Anxiety Attack

    Certain medications have some ugly side effects and can cause anxiety symptoms or an anxiety attack. Prescription medications to watch out for include thyroid drugs and asthma drugs, while over-the-counter decongestants have been known to cause anxiety symptoms in some people. If you suddenly stop taking certain medications sometimes used to treat anxiety, such as benzodiazepines, withdrawal may cause added anxiety.

    Caffeine And Anxiety Make You Feel Jittery And Nervous

    Caffeine is a stimulant and that can be bad news for someone with anxiety. Caffeine’s jittery effects on your body are similar to those of a frightening event. That’s because caffeine stimulates your fight or flight response, and research has shown that this can make anxiety worse and can even trigger an anxiety attack.

    Other research suggests that while caffeine can increase alertness, attention, and cognitive function, overdoing it can increase anxiety, particularly in people with panic disorder and social anxiety disorder. And as with the symptoms of anxiety, one too many cups of joe may leave you feeling nervous and moody, and can keep you up at night.

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    Causes Of Anxiety Disorder

    Some causes of anxiety disorders are:

    • Genetics. Anxiety disorders can run in families.
    • Brain chemistry. Some research suggests anxiety disorders may be linked to faulty circuits in the brain that control fear and emotions.
    • Environmental stress. This refers to stressful events you have seen or lived through. Life events often linked to anxiety disorders include childhood abuse and neglect, a death of a loved one, or being attacked or seeing violence.
    • Drug withdrawal or misuse. Certain drugs may be used to hide or decrease certain anxiety symptoms. Anxiety disorder often goes hand in hand with alcohol and substance use.
    • Medical conditions. Some heart, lung, and thyroid conditions can cause symptoms similar to anxiety disorders or make anxiety symptoms worse. Itâs important to get a full physical exam to rule out other medical conditions when talking to your doctor about anxiety.

    Why We Need To Make Sure People Understand The Difference

    How Anxiety and Panic Attacks Differ

    While conducting research for this article, we encountered more than a dozen mental health professionals who mistakenly believed the terms anxiety attack and panic attack were synonymous. They were licensed professionals, but none of them had a specialty in anxiety. Because anxiety attack is not a clinical term, they assumed it was a synonym for panic attack. This caused them to use the terms interchangeably, which can often confuse the issue even more.

    People who deal with anxiety attacks or panic attacks often make similar mistakes. Some suffer from panic attacks but use the term anxiety attack to describe their symptoms and vice versa.

    This confusion is why potential therapy clients and other anxiety sufferers need to educate themselves more on the topic or work with an anxiety specialist who really understands the differences. If you dont understand the terms and their differences, you might end up treating a panic disorder that you dont actually have. In the worst case scenario, you could even become dependent on a medication you dont need. Thats why its vital to seek out information about your specific condition and work with someone who is knowledgeable about the challenges that your unique condition presents. With luck, this article has been helpful in shedding some light on the differences between these similar terms!

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    Always Seek Professional Advice

    Always seek medical advice if you are not sure whether your symptoms, or another persons symptoms, indicate a panic attack. In an emergency, dial triple zero for an ambulance. Its important to see your doctor for a check-up to make sure that any recurring physical panic-like symptoms are not due to illnesses, including:

    • Diabetes

    What Causes Anxiety Anxiety Causes And Risk Factor

  • Anxiety is your bodyâs natural response to stress. Itâs a feeling of fear or apprehension about whatâs to come. The first day of school, going to a job interview, or giving a speech may cause most..
  • Anxiety is the bodyâs physical response to a threat or perceived threat. It causes a pounding heart, rapid breathing, butterflies in the stomach and a burst of energy as well as mental responses such as excessive fears, worries or obsessive thinking. Everyone experiences anxiety from time to time
  • This leads to stress and anxiety and can be a prime psychological cause of anxiety. Cognitive distortions can also underlie many emotional, psychological and interpersonal problems we may have such as depression, poor self-esteem and problems in close personal relationships
  • What causes an anxiety attack? There is no one cause of anxiety attacks. The attacks may occur unexpectedly. They can also be brought on by a trigger , stress, caffeine, substance use , and by stopping your medication suddenly
  • The anxiety and worry must cause significant distress or interfere with the individualâs daily life, occupational, academic, or social functioning to meet diagnosis. The symptoms cannot be better accounted for by another mental disorder or be caused by substances, medications, or medical illness
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    What Causes Anxiety Disorders

    Several things play a role in causing the overactive “fight or flight” that happens with anxiety disorders. They include:

    Genetics. A child who has a family member with an anxiety disorder is more likely to have one too. Kids may inherit genes that make them prone to anxiety.

    Brain chemistry. Genes help direct the way brain chemicals work. If specific brain chemicals are in short supply, or not working well, it can cause anxiety.

    Life situations. Things that happen in a child’s life can be stressful and difficult to cope with. Loss, serious illness, death of a loved one, violence, or abuse can lead some kids to become anxious.

    Learned behaviors. Growing up in a family where others are fearful or anxious also can “teach” a child to be afraid too.

    Mindfulness Meditation And Relaxation Techniques

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    This means having a moment-by-moment consciousness of our thoughts, feelings, and environment by accepting and living at peace with everything. This is done to prevent the feeling of not being in your own body or feeling unreal that are associated with panic attacks.

    In mindfulness, you focus on the real things surrounding you. For example, you can use your feet to play with the soil while focusing wholly on it. You can also for example focus on the texture of your clothing or hair

    Focusing on such things will help you to stay away from the harmful thoughts of fear, nervousness, and worry thus stopping impending anxiety or panic attack.

    Other relaxation techniques that are important in preventing anxiety disorders include progressive muscle relaxation, massage, listening to calming music among others. For massage, which is one of the best relaxation techniques, you can get one of the best massagers for anxiety.

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    Risk Factors For Anxiety Disorder

    Some things also make you more likely to develop an anxiety disorder. These are called risk factors. Some risk factors you canât change, but others you can.

    Risk factors for anxiety disorders include:

    • History of mental health disorder. Having another mental health disorder, like depression, raises your risk for anxiety disorder.
    • Childhood sexual abuse. Emotional, physical, and sexual abuse or neglect during childhood is linked to anxiety disorders later in life.
    • Trauma. Living through a traumatic event increases the risk of posttraumatic stress disorder , which can cause panic attacks.
    • Negative life events. Stressful or negative life events, like losing a parent in early childhood, increase your risk for anxiety disorder.
    • Severe illness or chronic health condition. Constant worry about your health or the health of a loved one, or caring for someone who is sick, can cause you to feel overwhelmed and anxious.
    • Substance abuse. The use of alcohol and illegal drugs makes you more likely to get an anxiety disorder. Some people also use these substances to hide or ease anxiety symptoms.
    • Being shy as a child. Shyness and withdrawal from unfamiliar people and places during childhood is linked to social anxiety in teens and adults.
    • Low self-esteem. Negative perceptions about yourself may lead to social anxiety disorder.

    Who Is At Risk For Anxiety Disorders

    The risk factors for the different types of anxiety disorders can vary. For example, GAD and phobias are more common in women, but social anxiety affects men and women equally. There are some general risk factors for all types of anxiety disorders, including

    • Certain personality traits, such as being shy or withdrawn when you are in new situations or meeting new people
    • Traumatic events in early childhood or adulthood
    • Family history of anxiety or other mental disorders
    • Some physical health conditions, such as thyroid problems or arrhythmia

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