Can Depression Cause Adhd
While there is some evidence that suggests that ADHD may contribute to depression, research has not established that depression can cause ADHD. In order to have ADHD, at least some of a persons symptoms must begin before age 12, even if they are not diagnosed until adulthood. On the other hand, depression can develop at any point in time, though a major depressive episode is most common among adolescents ages 12 to 17.
The fact that ADHD usually develops before depression suggests that depression most likely does not cause ADHD. However, more research on the topic is needed to draw any further conclusions.
Selective Noradrenergic Reuptake Inhibitors
SNRIs have also proved beneficial in managing impulsiveness in people with ADHD. Atomoxetine, in some instances, stops impulsiveness without inhibiting learning or attention. A 10-week study of individuals with a binge eating disorder showed that impulsive symptoms improved after treatment with atomoxetine.
Venlafaxine, another SNRI, has also proven beneficial in managing impulse control. However, its crucial to remember that much like other psychiatric medications, the use of SNRIs for impulse control is hard to determine. The results may vary per individual.
The benefit of SNRIs is thought to stem from the lack of stimulants in the medication. Research and observations over the years have shown that the use of stimulant medication worsens impulsive behaviors such as gambling, sexual behaviors, and hair-pulling.
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Understanding The Relationship Between Adhd And Anxiety
On the other hand, a person with ADHD may have anxiety because of situations or circumstances that have occurred because of the forgetfulness or distraction caused by ADHD.
Whether you have both diagnoses or just one of them, life can be extremely difficult and frustrating. I can attest to this statement because I have both ADHD and an anxiety disorder.
It depends on the day which is the bigger issue for me. Sometimes ADHD is the main issue that drives my anxiety. For example, when I cant focus and get behind on a task or project, I become anxious about missing deadlines. Or when my mind comes up with too many ideas and signs up for too many things, I find myself overwhelmed and over-scheduled which further fuels my anxiety.
Other days, anxiety is the main culprit. For example, I may be anxious about something, become preoccupied with it, and as a result, cant focus or be present.
What can you do if you or your child battles with ADHD and anxiety? Here are some of the tricks I have learned along the way. This is my personal experience, and does not replace medical advice always consult your healthcare professional.
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How Undiagnosed Adhd Can Cause Depression And Anxiety
ADHD is commonly diagnosed in school children, but this doesnt mean its a kids disease. There are many adults who develop the disorder after they mature, and others who have unknowingly struggled with the disorder for years but never received a diagnosis.
Like any mental health issue, if left untreated, ADHD can create a personal environment that makes depression and anxiety more likely to strike.
There have been many studies that link untreated ADHD with other mental health challenges, such as depression and anxiety. But why does this link exist?
Anger Issues And Adhd: Next Steps
- For Clinicians: Comorbid Considerations Q& A Treating Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, or Autism Alongside ADHD
The content for this webinar was derived from the ADDitude Expert Webinar Youre So Emotional: Why ADHD Brains Wrestle with Emotional Regulation by Joel Nigg, Ph.D., which was broadcast live on July 28, 2020.
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1 Beheshti, A., Chavanon, M. & Christiansen, H. . Emotion dysregulation in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry 20, 120. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-2442-7
2 Karalunas, S. L., Gustafsson, H. C., Fair, D., Musser, E. D., & Nigg, J. T. . Do we need an irritable subtype of ADHD? Replication and extension of a promising temperament profile approach to ADHD subtyping. Psychological Assessment, 31, 236247. https://doi.org/10.1037/pas0000664
3 Nigg, J., et. al. . Evaluating chronic emotional dysregulation and irritability in relation to ADHD and depression genetic risk in children with ADHD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 61, 2. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13132
7 Xue, J et. al. . A meta-analytic investigation of the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on ADHD symptoms. Medicine 98. 10.1097/MD.0000000000015957
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Are There Tips And Precautions Related To Strattera
Be sure to tell your healthcare provider:
- If you are nursing, pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
- If you are taking or plan to take any prescription drugs , dietary supplements, herbal medicines or nonprescription medications .
- If you have any past or present medical problems, including high blood pressure, seizures, heart disease, glaucoma or liver or kidney disease.
- If you have a history of drug or alcohol abuse or dependency or if you have had mental health problems, including depression, manic depression or psychosis.
- If you have had any liver problems or jaundice in the past.
- If you become agitated or irritable or if you develop ideas of hurting yourself.
Take Strattera exactly as prescribed by your healthcare provider. It’s usually taken once or twice a day and may be taken with or without food. Your physician may adjust the dose until it’s correct for you or your child. No specific laboratory testing is required while taking Strattera. It may be used for extended or long-term treatment as long as there are periodic evaluations with your healthcare provider.
How Do Antidepressants Work
Since most antidepressants work by increasing the levels of brain messenger chemicals , such as norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine, it makes sense that they might have effects similar to other ADHD stimulant and nonstimulant treatments that appear to work by similar mechanisms.
Antidepressant treatment can have a small effect on attention span as well as impulse control, hyperactivity and aggressiveness. Children and adolescents treated with antidepressants are often more willing to take direction and may be less disruptive.
Antidepressants have the advantage of a low potential for abuse and there is no evidence that they suppress growth or contribute to significant weight loss.
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Therapy And Relaxation Techniques
The anxiety related to ADHD may be better managed with:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy : this short-term intervention helps people to change their thinking patterns in order to positively influence their behavior. CBT is widely used for anxiety disorders, and has been shown to be effective in the treatment of GAD and many other conditions.
- Relaxation techniques: practicing techniques, such as meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, visualization, and deep-breathing exercises can help treat stress and anxiety by slowing the heart rate, reducing muscle tension, and boosting concentration and mood.
Anxiety Disorders That Co
As noted, Adderall is typically not prescribed for anxiety, however, the drug might be prescribed for people with anxiety when the disorder co-occurs with ADHD or narcolepsy. In some cases, ADHD or narcolepsy can have effects that lead to anxiety. Examples include when someone has poor performance at school or work due to not paying attention, or when regular daytime drowsiness interferes with completing daily tasks.
A 2010 study on the prevalence of mood disorders in people who have narcolepsy revealed a significant crossover. More than half of the patients with narcolepsy had panic attacks or symptoms of an anxiety disorder. There is also a correlation between ADHD and anxiety: Approximately 50% of adults who struggle with ADHD also have an anxiety disorder.
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Is It Add Or Anxiety
In terms of answering the question Is it ADD or Anxiety, this can be very difficult to differentiate because of overlap with the 2 disorders. However, what is most important is the linkage or correlation between the symptoms and the dysregulated regions of the brain that can be helped with the Drake Institutes individualized treatment protocols.
Focus On The Positive
There is usually no simple answer or solution that will instantly solve all the negative aspects of ADHD and anxiety. It may take time to figure out what combination works for you or your child. Try to notice your thought patterns and focus on the positive traits. Be grateful for what you do well, and look for options to manage the rest!
About The Author
Kerry Troester is a freelance writer and mother of three teenage boys, who all have ADHD. She also manages training and development for a Fortune 500 company and has an MBA in Marketing from the Wharton School of Business.
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How To Help Your Adhd Child Cope With Anxiety
Both ADHD and anxiety are hard on children. As a parent, its your job to look out for your childs self-esteem. Let your child know that its not their fault and that many other children struggle similarly. In the meantime, here are some strategies for helping your child work through anxious moments.
Keep a Trigger Tracker
Understanding what particular stressors cause the most anxiety for your child helps your child learn to predict anxiety-inducing situations and manage symptoms as they arise. If test anxiety triggers distorted thinking, for example, your child can meet with the classroom teacher to determine test-taking strategies that might help in the moment.
Your child can keep a worry thermometer in his backpack or desk to jot times when he felt hot with anxiety during the school day. He can color in the thermometer to the appropriate level and write down the time of day. This will help the classroom teacher understand his anxiety hot s pots. Kids can also use the worry thermometer at home, or use a worry journal to keep a list of anxious and intrusive thoughts.
Teach Thought Stopping
Anxious kids struggle with flooding. Anxious thoughts tend to overwhelm kids all at once, and it can be difficult to recover once the brain shifts into a pattern of anxious thinking.
Teach Deep Breathing
Living With Adhd And Panic Disorder
People with ADHD may struggle with panic disorder, one type of anxiety disorder. It is characterized by:
- Feelings of choking or smothering
- Feeling a shortness of breath
- Feeling a sense of impending doom
- Feeling like you are out of control
Generally, the symptoms of a panic attack usually peak within 10 minutes after they start. While the event does not last long, it is the fear it leaves behind that does. Feeling unprepared to deal with panic attacks can leave people upset and disrupt their lives. This can be a stressful state to live in, and anxiety can overwhelm a person, leaving them too tired to deal with much else.
For the person with ADHD, who already has trouble with concentration and focus, this can make their condition worse.
Panic attacks are common in people who have panic disorder, which can overwhelm the brain if they are left untreated. It is best to seek professional help to manage them. A person with ADHD must take their condition into consideration if seeking panic disorder treatment.
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Commons Questions Parents Have About Concerta
If youre considering Concerta for your child, youre likely to have questions about how it works, and how it might affect your child. Here are answers to common questions parents ask about Concerta.
Whats the generic name for Concerta?
The generic name for Concerta is methylphenidate extended release. For most ADHD drugs, the generics are close enough to the brand-name drugs that most people dont notice a difference. But the FDA has raised concerns that some generic versions of Concerta dont work as well as the brand name.
Is Concerta a controlled substance?
All stimulant medications are controlled substances. But that doesnt mean theyre equally likely to be abused. Abuse is more common with another class of stimulants: amphetamine-based ADHD medications.
Its not because theyre habit forming, though. Amphetamine-based ADHD medications are more likely to be misused because they help with attention in everyone, not just in people with ADHD. They may also be used by people who have other addictions.
There are restrictions in place to reduce the potential for abuse and addiction with stimulants. For instance, prescribers can only write prescriptions for one month at a time.
But its important to know that studies show these medications have no risk of addiction in the dosages that are prescribed. And a few studies show that they lower the overall addiction risk in teens with ADHD.
Read more about ADHD medication misuse.
Can Concerta help with anxiety?
What Are The Differences Between Adhd And Anxiety
Despite some overlap in symptoms, there are some differences between anxiety disorder vs. ADHD. The major difference comes down to one underlying difference.
- Do you have difficulty focusing because you have apprehensive and fearful thoughts? Anxiety disorders result in the potential to be easily distracted because your mind is full of worrisome, anxious thoughts.
- Or, do you have difficulty focusing because youre easily distracted ?ADHD can result in the potential to be easily distracted, even when youre calm. Of course, keep in mind that anxiety can result from an inability to focus, because that can lead to further stress about knowing that youre falling behind on a task, assignment, or job. Anxiety that is separate from ADHD is often either more generalized, where you may feel fearful/nervous on a regular basis, or more specific, where you feel fearful/nervous in certain situations , Ertel said.
There are a few questions that can help determine if what youre experiencing is ADD/ADHD or anxiety:
- Are you an excessive worrier?
- Do certain things make you really fearful just by thinking about them?
- Are you anxious about having to go somewhere or do something?
- Are you overly shy?
- Is there any family history of anxiety?
- Do you become irritated if you have to leave home?
Typically, a professional medical evaluation is the only way to truly know if youre experiencing ADHD or anxiety.
ADHD is a mental health condition characterized by three main things:
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Does Adderall Affect Women Differently
Womens brains react differently to Amphetamines like Adderall. Several studies have shown that Adderall has profound effects on mens brains than womens. Men are more prone to Adderall abuse and addiction compared to women. Fortunately, rehabilitation can be done through medication-assisted treatment programs for those with addiction.