Damages You Could Recover In A Personal Injury Claim
In a personal injury claim, damages refers to the types of losses that you can be compensated for after an accident.
- Economic: These damages include losses that can easily be calculated. Medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, lost wages, home renovations, the cost of long-term nursing care, and prescription medication costs are all examples of economic damages.
- Noneconomic: Not all losses after an accident have a dollar figure automatically attached to them. Noneconomic damages may include money for pain and suffering, lost enjoyment of life, mental anguish, loss of household services, and more.
In rare circumstances, the law allows Maryland accident victims to be awarded punitive damages. Punitive damages are only awarded in cases where the conduct of the party was especially reckless. They are meant to punish the at-fault party and deter similar conduct in the future.
Being represented by a Frederick personal injury attorney is especially important because Maryland is one of a handful of states that uses a rule called contributory negligence to determine fault for an accident. According to the law, you cannot recover compensation even if you are just one percent to blame for the accident that injured you.
Do People With Migraine Have Panic Attacks
People with migraine are more likely to have generalized anxiety disorder, which can be an ongoing on edge feeling, rather than have panic attacks, says Mueller.
There are some people with migraine who do have panic attacks, which may be related to an underlying problem with the autonomic nervous system, she says.
Thats why you get the palpitations, high heart rate, and something like a surge of anxiety with the panic attack, she says.
How To Relieve Anxiety Headaches
Although there is no proven way to instantly relieve tension headaches associated with anxiety, there are some standard headache treatments. Over the counter medications, like Tylenol, are effective for some people.
Yet, as with any medication, it is important to determine whether or not it is safe for you to take. Drinking water may be a more natural approach, as it is a commonly cited remedy for tension headaches, as dehydration is known to exacerbate headache symptoms.
Another approach to managing anxiety headaches is decreasing the amount of screen-time you consume . The light from screen time can contribute to tension headaches, especially if you are already prone to tension headaches.
Also, because light can worsen the intensity of a headache, turning off, or dimming the lights could be helpful. Although less common, some other options for tension headache relief include:
- Close your eyes and rub the temples of your head for a few minutes. This may relieve some of the pressure.
- Take a warm shower. It’s possible for warm showers to relax the muscles, which could reduce some of the pressure in your head.
- See if someone else can give you a massage. Relieving all muscle tension, especially in the neck and back, and greatly improve the feeling in your head.
None of these tricks are guaranteed, but they all can potentially relieve some of the discomfort associated with a tension headache.
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Can Antidepressants Help With Migraine
Antidepressants can be effective for anxiety or depression, says Mueller.
A class of antidepressants that can often address both conditions is called serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors , says Mueller.
Antidepressants, including SNRIs, are also sometimes prescribed to prevent migraine attacks, and according to a review of antidepressant classes for migraine prevention published in March 2019 in Current Treatment Options in Neurology, SNRIs may be the most effective treatments in patients with comorbid depression and migraine.
Some of the drugs in the SNRI class include:
These drugs are sometimes used in migraine prevention, and they can be very effective for anxiety disorder and panic disorder, as well as for many people with depression, says Mueller.
If the anxiety and depression can be managed through one of these medications, the migraine symptoms often get better, she says. Sometimes another preventive medication may be prescribed in addition to one of these antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications, depending on the patient, adds Mueller.
Older antidepressants, known as tricyclic antidepressants, can also be used as a preventive treatment for migraine, she says.
Supported Bridge Yoga Pose With Props
Do you remember the bridge yoga pose? This one is an adaptation of it. Only this time, you will get some support. This is a restorative yoga pose with blocks.
Here is how to do it:
- Lie on your back keeping your spine straight and let your entire body relax.
- Bend your knees with your feet flat on the floor. Your hands should be by your side.
- Raise your butt off the floor. That way your shoulder and your head will help you keep balance.
- Now place the prop under your lower back to serve as a support.
- Keep your hands on the floor beside you and try to relax your entire body.
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The Half Pigeon Pose With Bolster
This is a restorative yoga pose with props. It is similar to the child pose in the sense that you will be lying face down.
Here is how to do it:
- Get on the floor and place a yoga prop in front of you.
- One that is about 6 inches in height.
- Bend your right knee such that the calf is facing you.
- Now stretch your left leg backward.
- Now, lean all the way down and rest your forehead on your folded arms.
- Try to rest your entire body as you breathe slowly.
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Causes Of Tension Headaches
Tension headaches are caused by muscle contractions in the head and neck regions.
These types of contractions can be caused by a variety of
Some people develop tension headaches after staring at a computer screen for a long time or after driving for long periods. Cold temperatures may also trigger a tension headache.
Other triggers of tension headaches include:
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Lack Of Sleep Or Poor Sleep
Its no secret that a lack of sleep, or poor sleep quality, can lead to all sorts of health problems. If youre not getting enough rest, your body is more likely to be in a state of tension, which can lead to headaches. In fact, a recent study showed that people who dont get enough sleep are more likely to suffer from an anxiety headache.
Migraines And Anxiety How To Stop
Migraine headaces, such as migraines with or without aura, are a common anxiety disorder symptom, including Anxiety Attacks, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive disorder, and others.
This article explains the relationship between anxiety and migraine headaches.
Research has found a link between anxiety disorder and migraine headaches. This link is both ways with anxiety triggering migraine headaches and migraine headaches triggering anxiety. This article explains these links and what you can do to prevent anxiety-triggered migraine headaches or at least reduce the frequency of them.
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Why Anxiety Causes Headaches
While theres more work to do, researchers have found significant connections between anxiety and headaches.
Those with anxiety disorders, especially generalized anxiety disorder , are much more likely than others to experience migraine and new daily persistent headache . Furthermore, having an anxiety disorder increases the risk of headache problems becoming chronic .
As to how anxiety disorders and headaches are related, researchers are still working it out, but have been able to draw several connections:
- Genetic predisposition: Migraines, other chronic headaches, depression, and anxiety disorders seem to have a shared genetic component. This implies that you may be born with a predisposition for both anxiety and headaches.
- Anxiety preceding headaches:Anxiety disorders and migraines have similar symptoms, including irritability and increases in muscle tension. The worry and fear caused by anxiety, sleeping disruptions, and other symptoms can make headaches worse and may work to set headaches off.
- Headaches leading to anxiety:Researchers have found that headache disorders can also precede the onset of anxiety. This implies that behavioral issues can also be the result of the instability and stress of living with an unpredictable condition.
Understanding Anxiety And Headaches
Headaches are pains that occur in the head with varying characteristics, ranging from mild to severe pain. Headaches may be caused by triggers or other various factors.
There are several types of headaches, including tension headaches, stress headaches, migraines, cluster headaches, and chronic daily headaches.
- Tension headaches are mild to moderate pain often described as feeling like a tight band around the head. Multiple factors can bring on a tension headache, including stress, inadequate sleep, and poor posture.
- Cluster headaches are a type of severe headache that tends to recur over a period of several weeks, in which the pain is usually limited to one side of the head, and often followed by long periods of remission .
- Migraines are headaches of varying intensity, often accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light and sound. Triggers include hormonal changes, certain foods and drinks, stress, and exercise.
- Chronic daily headaches occur 15 days or more a month, for longer than three months and are not caused by another condition.
Although the causal mechanism for headaches is still being studied, researchers believe headaches are caused by neurological and psychological origins.
For example, migraines are a common neurological disorder that affects 11% of adults worldwide, while most people who suffer from migraines also have some type of mental disorder.
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New Daily Persistent Headache
A very rare headache disorder, new daily persistent headache is also closely associated with anxiety disorders. In one study, 65% of those with this condition also experienced anxiety disorders. As its name implies, those with the condition suffer daily headaches and other symptoms. The features of NDPH include:
- Sharp, stabbing pain, often on one side of the head
- Flu symptoms when it first sets on
- Nausea and vomiting
- Sensitivity to light and sound
- Worsening of symptoms with physical activity
Signs And Symptoms Of Stress Headaches
People who experience stress headaches can also experience other symptoms alongside the pain. Here are some of the other symptoms one can feel when afflicted with this type of headache:
- Muscle tension and aches. People who suffer from this type of headache often feel a hardening or aching of the muscles mainly in their shoulders and neck. The muscle pain often precedes the headache and can continue even after the headache has subsided.
- Just like with migraine headaches, people with this type of headache can also experience sensitivity to bright lights and loud sounds. The sensitivity normally occurs alongside the headache, but in some cases of chronic stress headaches, it can also occur in between headache episodes.
- Poor concentration. While these types of headaches arent usually debilitating, the dull pain felt by people suffering from this condition can break their concentration and stop them from performing everyday activities properly.
- Trouble with sleeping. People who are under a lot of stress may have a hard time winding down at night. Add the pain of a headache, and that makes falling asleep and staying asleep even more difficult.
- Fatigue and irritability. The combination of stress, muscle pain, and lack of sleep experienced alongside a headache like this can cause a person to feel tired and irritable.
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What Should I Do If My Blood Pressure Is 160 Over 100
Your doctor If your blood pressure is higher than 160/100 mmHg, then three visits are enough. If your blood pressure is higher than 140/90 mmHg, then five visits are needed before a diagnosis can be made. If either your systolic or diastolic blood pressure stays high, then the diagnosis of hypertension can be made.
Types Of Anxiety Headaches
Doctors don’t have a separate name for a stress or anxiety headache. But the most common types of headaches all have a link to anxiety.
Tension headaches. Almost everyone gets one at some point. When you hear people say they have a headache, it’s usually this kind. Typically they’re not too painful.
Tension doesn’t mean stress in this case, but refers to how the headache feels, which may be like a tight band around your head. It can be triggered by anxiety, but it’s not clear why this happens.
Migraines. These are more severe headaches that can cause painful pounding or throbbing. They can last for hours or even days. Besides pain, migraines can also make you vomit and feel sensitive to light and noise. They’re very common in people who have anxiety disorders.
Cluster headaches. They aren’t as common as the other two. They’re very intense and tend to give you a burning or piercing pain, usually behind the eyes.
They’re called cluster headaches because of how they happen. You might get them a few times a day for a few weeks or months, and then they just go away. They may not come back for months or years.
People with cluster headaches are more likely to have anxiety — typically in the months of downtime between bouts of headaches. Doctors aren’t sure how cluster headaches and anxiety are connected or which one causes the other.
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What About Other Types Of Headache And Depression And Anxiety
People who experience cluster headache are also at a higher risk of anxiety and depression, especially when they also have coexisting migraine, according to a study published in May 2020 The Journal of Headache Pain.
Cluster headaches are so named because they come in clusters daily for a month or more, for example, and then none for a year. A cluster headache occurs suddenly, often waking the person from sleep, and lasts between 15 minutes and three hours. A runny nose and tearing on the side with the pain is also common.
According to the study, anxiety and depression can improve in people with both cluster headache and migraine during periods of remission.
There’s less of a link between tension headaches and depression and anxiety, says Mueller. In tension headaches you dont have the nausea, sound sensitivity, or throbbing pain as you do with migraine headache.
How Are Tension Headaches Treated And Diagnosed
Tension headaches are diagnosed based on the patients reported history of the headache and physical examination. There is no test to specifically confirm tension headache. Because the physical examination in patients with tension headache is generally normal, additional testing such as CT scan or MRI scan usually isnt required. Some basic blood work may be done to confirm that no underlying abnormality is present.
Treatment for tension headaches include prescription medications, over-the-counter pain relievers, combination drugs containing aspirin, acetaminophen, caffeine, and stress management.
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Check With Your Pediatrician
When a child develops a pattern of physical symptoms before school, or other potentially stressful moments, experts recommend that you visit your doctor to rule out medical concerns. But if the child gets a clean bill of health, the next step is to help the child make the connection between their worries and their physical symptoms.
We help them understand in a very child-friendly way that sometimes our body can actually give us clues into what were feeling, explains Ms. Greenspan.
Parents can start by validating their childs experience and reframing it in a more helpful way. Instead of telling kids theres nothing wrong with them, the goal is to tell them that what theyre feeling is worry.
We give it a name, adds Dr. Domingues. We help them connect it to an emotion and label it. And after some practice kids are able to identify it, she adds. Yes, my stomach hurts and, oh yeah, I remember thats because Im feeling worried. And after learning some skills to help them calm down, I think they feel a sense of control. And that helps.
Chronic Vs Acute Headaches
Primary headache disorders like tension headaches and migraines tend to recur. Cases are considered chronic when you experience symptoms 15 or more days in a month. More common are acute headaches, in which symptoms occur less frequently. Research has shown anxiety disorders increase the chances of acute headaches becoming chronic.
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How Do I Stop Anxiety Headaches
How to Relieve Anxiety Headaches
What Are The Symptoms Of Anxiety Headaches
Two types of headaches most commonly associated with anxiety are tension headaches and migraine attacks.
Tension headaches, while they can impair your quality of life, arent always disruptive to your daily routine and may improve fairly quickly.
Symptoms of a tension headache may include:
- tense muscles around the neck, head, and face
- tender neck, shoulders, and scalp
- squeezing pain around the head that may feel like a tight band
- mild to moderate pain
- dull or aching pain
On the other hand, migraine attacks can be severe enough to disrupt your daily activities and may get worse through physical activity.
Symptoms of a migraine attack include:
- severe pain, usually only on one side of the head
- severe pain that lasts a few hours to a few days
- throbbing, pounding, or pulsating pain
- sensitivity to light, noise, or smells
- nausea and vomiting
- migraine aura, which are sensory symptoms like vision distortions that may happen before or during a migraine attack
2016 study found higher rates of depression and anxiety in people who have migraine.
Based on the research, headaches, anxiety, and depression may be directly linked through a common neurological issue or indirectly linked through unintended side effects if the person with anxiety or depression is being treated with medication.
Anxiety may also set off your fight, flight, or freeze response. This response could lead to increased muscle tension , which may cause headaches.
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